TEST NO. 001

Directions : In questions no. 1 to 10, some parts of the sentences have errors and some are correct. Find out which part of a sentence has an error and marks your answer (A, B or C) in the  Answer Sheet. If a sentence is free from error, mark your answer (D)
1.      The whole country (A) is/ (b) suffering by/ (C) a financial crisis./ No error (D)
2.      The introduction of tea and coffee (A) /  and such beverages (b) / have not been without some effect (C) / No error (D)
3.      Everyone of the(A)films you suggested / (b) are not worth seeing./ (C)  / No error (D)
4.      The Secretary and the Principle (A) of the/ (b) / (C) / No error (D)
5.      We had(A) a lot of/ (b)difficulty to find out. / (C) / No error (D)
6.      Patience as well as  (A) perseverance are necessary/ (b)for success. / (C) / No error (D)
7.      My sister has(A) read pages after pages / (b) of the Bible/ (C) / No error (D)
8.      Heavy rain(A) prevented us / (b)to go to the cinema / (C) / No error (D)
9.      He asked (A) supposing if he fails,/ (b)what he would do. / (C) / No error (D)
10.   My book is the(A) new one and/ (b) your is the old one/ (C) / No error (D)
Directions : In questions no. 11 to 20, sentences are given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate word(s) Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it in the Answer Sheet.
11.   He is too ________ to be deceived easily.
         (A)  strong              (B)  modern
         (C)  intelligent         (D) kind
12.   They need not worry,_______?
         (A)  isn’t it               (B)  doesn’t it
         (C)  don’t it             (D) need they
13.   If she_____ a bird, she would fly.
         (A)  is                       (B)  are
         (C)  were                 (D) was
14.   The greater the demand______ the price.
         (A)  higher              (B)  high
         (C)  the higher        (D) the high
15.   Are you really desirous ______ visiting Japan?
         (A)  for                    (B)  of
         (C)  to                      (D) from
16.   A dog lives in a______.
         (A)  burrow            (B)  when
         (C)  stable               (D) kennel
17.   If you had told me earlier, I ________ the meeting
         (A)  had attended                     (B)      would
         (C)  would have attended       (D)      attended
18.   Unless you______ hard, you will not succeed.
         (A)  do not work    (B)  work
         (C)  did not work   (D) will work
19.   The________ were arrested for attacking  the innocent people.
         (A)  soldiers            (B)  terrorists
         (C)  villagers           (D) commandos
20    Your  father doesn’t know_______ children
         (A)  to lead              (B)  how to lead
         (C)  leading             (D) to leading
Directions : In questions no. 21 to 25, out or the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word and mark it in the Answer Sheet.
21.   HURDLE
         (A)  Obstacle           (B)  surrender
         (C)  open                 (D) earmarked
         (A)  generosity       (B)  envy
         (C)  greed                (D) hatred
         (A)  poverty            (B)  famine
         (C)  scarcity            (D) opulence
         (A)  detail                (B)  enlarge
         (C)  promote           (D) shorten
         (A)  gain                  (B)  deteriorate
         (C)  boom                (D) tarnish

Directions : In questions no. 26 to 30, choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word and mark it in the Answer Sheet.
         (A)  talkative           (B)  reticent
         (C)  garrulous         (D) genial
27.   GENIAL
         (A)  rude                 (B)  benevolent
         (C)  cordial              (D) unselfish
         (A)  prudent            (B)  cautious
         (C)  destructive      (D) careless
         (A)  useful               (B)  possible
         (C)  practicable       (D) impractical
         (A)  flourish            (B)  decamp
         (C)  decrease          (D) decimate
Directions : In questions no. 31 to 40, four alternatives are given for the Idiom/Phrase underlined in the sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase and mark it in the Answer Sheet.
31.   Take the bull by the horns.
         (A)  pull the bull’s horns        
         (B)run away from a difficulty
         (C)  face a difficulty or danger boldly           
         (D) make useless efforts
32.   Better half
         (A)  partner            (B)  Mrs.
         (C)  wife                  (D) friend
33.   To beat the air
         (A)  to make a great effort     
         (B)  to act boldly
         (C)  to act intelligently  
         (D) make useless efforts
34.   See through
         (A)  see under the ground     
         (B)  ignore something
         (C)  detect carefully      
         (D) persist with something
35.   By leaps and bounds
         (A)  regularly          (B)  irregularly
         (C)  rapidly             (D) gradually
36.   To beat about the bush
         (A)  come to point  (B) talk in roundabout way
         (C)  talk in fluently (D) talk inspirationally
37.   Achill’s heel
         (A)  strong aspect  (B)  weak point
         (C)  stand on heel  (D) weak physically
38.   Add fuel to fire
         (A)  make matter worse
         (B)  make matter better
         (C)  ignite the fire     (D)create the matter
39.   Above board
         (A)  mandatory       (B)  very vague
         (C)  very secret      (D) very clear
40.   hard and fast
         (A)  difficult to solve      (B)very quick
         (C)  that can’t be changed       (D) alternative
Directions : In questions no. 41 to 50, a sentence / part of the sentence is underlined. Below are given alternatives to the underlined part at (A), (B) ,(C) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, your answer is (D) Mark your answer in the Answer Sheet.
41.   Madhu prefers coffee over tea
         (A)  than                  (B)  to
         (C)  against             (D) No Improvement
42.   I have read a little  pages of the book.
         (A)  a few                (B)  the little
         (C)  most                 (D) No Improvement
43.   Everything depends upon them who are benevolent for others
         (A)  is                       (B)  was
         (C)  were                 (D) No Improvement
44.   She asked me how was your father.
         (A)  how is your father (B) how your father was
         (C)  how your was father       
         (D) No Improvement
45.   You are requested not to do anything.
         (A)  to not do          (B)  not to does
         (C)  not do              (D) No Improvement
46.   I have spent almost all my money, I have a few rupees
         (A)  few                           (B)     the few
         (C)  very huge amount  (D)    No Improvement
47.   If you will do this work, you will be awarded.
         (A)  would do        (B)  would have done
         (C)  do                     (D) No Improvement
48.   You have a very keen interest to know this.
         (A)  very great        (B)  huge
         (C)  potential          (D) No Improvement
49.   You have to take stale food for your good health
         (A)  nourishing       (B)  substantial
         (C)  sustainable      (D) No Improvement
50.   I am standing over the wall
         (A)  above               (B)  against
         (C)  under               (D) No Improvement
Directions : sentence arrangement
51.   1. On hearing
         P. in the air crash
         Q. on the death
         R. he
         S. of the daughter
         6. broke down
         (A)  RSQP                (B)  PRSQ
         (C)  QSPR                (D) SQRP
52.   1. A man who
         P. has not
         Q. discovered
         R. dares to waste
         S. one hour of time
         6. the value of time.
         (A)  RSPQ                (B)  SPQR
         (C)  SRQP                (D) QPRS
53.   1. If we look around us today,
         P. that is shattered by violence
         Q. the effects of which
         R. a world
         S. we will find
         6. continue to influence us.
         (A)  SRPQ                (B)  QPSR
         (C)  RSPQ                (D) RPQS
54.   1. Freedom-fighters
         P. an enhanced pension
         Q. and their spouses
         R. would now get
         S. of Rs. 10000 a month
         6. effective from 2 October.
         (A)  QRSP                (B)  SQPR
         (C)  QRPS                (D) RQSP
55.   1. The problem
         P. at a price
         Q. is to build houses
         R. lower middle-class people
         S. today
         6. can afford to pay.
         (A)  RSPQ                (B)  QRSP
         (C)  SQPR                (D) PQSR
Directions: In question no 56 to 60 a passage where some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each blank out of the four alternatives and mark it in the Answer Sheet.
                 Hawthorne had not …56….. this sudden dismissal. He …57…… thought they would scold him as usual, …58….. now he had no job. What …59… he to tell Sophia ? Sophia …60…… Hawthorne’s wife.
56.   (A)  selected                     (B)  attempted
         (C)  expected                   (D)   detected
57.   (A)  has                             (B)  was
         (C)  did                             (D)   had
58.   (A)  and                            (B)  because
         (C)  but                             (D)   since
59.   (A)  will                             (B)  was
         (C)  is                                (D)   could
60.   (A)  is                                (B)  and
         (C)  be                              (D)   was
Directions : In questions no. 61 to 70, you have a brief passages with 10 questions.. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark your answer in the Answer Sheet.
PASSAGE I (Q. No. 61 to 65 )
         Journalism means several things. First of all, it means the ability to write and convey thought in a way that people will understand things quickly. It means being able to turn long articles into shape. It means knowing your grammar and composition rules inside out and upside down. It also means a nose for news and feel for words, respect for truth and a sense of mission. A journalist should be able to size up a situation on the spot. He should also develop a deep insight into human conditions. Nobody can teach you the finer aspects of journalism. No plastic surgeon can give you a nose for news. No teacher can give you a feel for words.
61.   The passage is on -
         (A)  The journalists, surgeons and teachers
         (B)  The merits of journalism
         (C)  What journalism is about           
         (D) The journalists’ feel for words
62.   A journalist should be thorough with_
         (A)  All the rules of writing
         (B)  The news
         (C)  Grammar and composition        
         (D) The insight into human conditions
63.   One of the main requirements for a journalist is to-
         (A)  Edit articles    
         (B)  Have a good nose for news
         (C)  Respect everyone 
         (D) Exploit a situation
64.   The ethics of journalism is_
         (A)  Respect for truth   
         (B)  Understanding people
         (C)  Ability to write       
         (D) Search for news
65.   Which of the following statements is not true ?
         (A)  A plastic surgeon can help a journalist 
         (B)  A teacher can hardly assist a journalist
         (C)  Everyone cannot be a journalist            
         (D) A journalist should be able to convey his thoughts to his readers
 PASSAGE II (Q. No. 66 to 70 )
            The Indians-as a group are not cohesive. There is a lack of ‘coordination’ among individuals, groups, institutions and states. This lack of ‘coordination’ may be traced to selfishness, lack of trust and the inability to find joy in working together as a team for a common goal. This leads to divisiveness, asking for criticism, with the result image are tarnished and the main purpose is defeated. This phenomenon is visible among the bureaucrats, the politicians, the intellectuals, the business community and the sports fraternity, all those who matter and who give a poor account of themselves as a group despite individual brilliance. This contrast in human behavior can perhaps be traced to age-old beliefs, religious tolerance, poverty and the diversity in day-to-day living conditions.
66.   Why are the Indians not cohesive as a group?
         (A)  There is a lack of coordination between individuals  
         (B)  There is a lack of coordination among individuals, group and sates
         (C)  There is a lack of coordination between           individuals and states
         (D) There is a lack of coordination among individuals, group, institutions and states
67.   What does lack of coordination lead to ?
         (A)  Divisiveness   
         (B)  Divisiveness and asking for criticism
         (C)  Asking for criticism         
         (D) Nothing in particular
68.   Which word in the passage means loss of brightness or dull?
         (B)  Phenomenon
         (C)  Visible             
         (D) Tarnish
69.   To what can the contrast in human behavior be traced to?
         (A)  Age- old beliefs and diversity in day-to-day living       
         (B)  Age-old beliefs and religious tolerance
         (C)  Age-old beliefs, religious tolerance, poverty and diversity in day-to-day living      
         (D) Nothing in particular
 70.  What does ‘goal’ in this passage mean?
         (A)  The place where the ball has to pass in a football match       
         (B)  The object of ambition
         (C)  A point scored by a particular team in a football match         
         (D) The poles fitted at the end of a football field

Directions: In question no 71 to 80 a sentence has been given in direct / indirect. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in direct / indirect and mark your answer in the Answer Sheet.
71.   The employer said to him, “ I shall pay your wages tomorrow.”
         (A)  The employer told him that he would pay his wages the next day.  
         (B)  The employer said that he shall pay your wages the next day.
         (C)  The employer said that I shall pay my wages the nest day.               
         (D) The employer said that he shall pay his wages the next day.
72.   They said to him, “we will destroy your home.”
         (A)  The said to him they will destroy his home.
         (B)  They told him they would destroy their home.
         (C)  They told him that they can destroy his home.            
         (D) They told him that would destroy his home.
73.   He said, “You can phone from my office.”
         (A)  He said that he could phone from his office.
         (B)  He said you could phone from his office.
         (C)  He said that I can Phone from your office.
         (D) He said I can phone from my office.
74.   Preeti said, “I did not do this deliberately.”
         (A)  Preeti said that I had not done that deliberately.        
         (B)  Preeti said that she had not done that deliberately.
         (C)  Preeti said that she has not done this deliberately.                 
         (D) Preeti said that I have not done this deliberately.
75.   Socrates said, “Virtue is its own reward.”
         (A)  Socrates said that virtue had its own rewards.
         (B)  Socrates says that virtue is its own reward.
         (C)  Socrates said that virtue is its own reward.
  (D) Socrates said that virtue was its own     reward.
76.   He said,” it used to be lovely, quiet street.”
         (A)  He said that it used to be lovely, quiet street   
         (B)  He pointed out that it had used to be a lovely, quiet street.
  (C)  He said that there used to be a lovely, quiet street.                
         (D) He inquired whether there was a lovely, quiet street.

77.   The new student asked the old one, “do you know my name?”
         (A)  The new student asked the old one if he knew his name.      
         (B)  The new student asked the old one that whether he knew his name.
         (C)  The new student asked the old one did he know his name.               
         (D) The new student asked the old one if he knows his name.
78.   Gopal said to me,”Can you do these sums for me?”
         (A)  Gopal asked me if I could do these sums for him.       
         (B)  Gopal asked me if I can do these sums for him.
         (C)  Gopal asked me if can I do these sums for him                       
         (D) Gopal asked if I could do these sums for him
79.   The Principal told us, “Wait here till I return.”
         (A)  The Principal told us wait here till he return.
         (B)  The principal told us to wait here till he returned.
         (C)  The principal told us to wait there till I return.                       
         (D) The principal told us please wait here till be returned.
80.   I said, “Babies, drink milk”.
         (A)  He said that babies drink milk.   
         (B)  He told that babies should drink milk.
         (C)  He advised the babies to drink milk.     
         (D) He said that babies drank milk.
Directions: In question no 81 to 90 a sentence has been given in active / passive voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in active / passive voice and mark your answer in the Answer Sheet.
81.   What one must do, one must do properly.
         (A)  What must be done, must be done properly.
         (B)  It must be done properly what one must do.
         (C)  It must be done what one must do properly.
(D) One must do properly what has to be done.
82.   Room was cleaned.
         (A)  The cleaner cleaned the room.  
         (B)  The room should be cleaned.
         (C)  I cleaned the room.                     
         (D) someone cleaned the room.
83.   We make butter from milk.
         (A)  Butter is make from milk by us. 
         (B)  Butter is made from milk by us.
         (C)  Butter is made from the milk by us.      
         (D) From milk butter is made by us.
84.   We must respect the elders.
         (A)  The elders deserve respect from us.    
         (B)  The elders must be respected.
         (C)  The elders must be respect by us.         
         (D) Respect the elders we must.
85.   Close the door.
         (A)  Let the door are closed.  
         (B)  Let the door will be closed.
         (C)  Let the door be closed.   
         (D) Let the door must be closed.
86.   You are requested to permit him.
         (A)  Please permit him.
         (B)  I request you to permit him.
         (C)  He requested to permit him.                  
         (D) I plead you to permit him.
87.   Please enter by the left door.
         (A)  Let the left door be entered by you.     
         (B)  You are requested to enter by the left door.
         (C)  Let it be entered by the left door.          
         (D) The left door is requested to be entered.
88.   Has a dog ever bitten you?
         (A)  Has a dog ever bites you?          
         (B)  Have you ever been bitten by a dog?
         (C)  You are bitten by a dog?             
         (D) Have you ever being bitten by a dog?
89.   Did the noise frighten you?
         (A)  Did you frighten the noise?        
         (B)  Was the noise frighten by you?
         (C)  Were you frightened by the noise?       
         (D) Were you frighten by the noise?

90.   Who taught you grammar?
         (A)  By whom you were taught grammar?  
         (B)  By whom were you taught grammar?
         (C)  By whom was grammar you taught?    
         (D) By whom were grammar taught to you?
Directions: In these questions, 91 to 95 you have one brief passage with five questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
             There are three main groups of oils- animal, vegetable and mineral. Great quantities of animal oil come from whales, those enormous creatures of the sea, which are the largest of the animals remaining in the world. To protect the whales from the cold of the Arctic seas, nature has provided them with a thick covering of fat, called blubber. When the whale is killed, the blubber is stripped off and boiled down. It produces a great quantity of oil which can be made into food for human consumption. A few other creatures yield oil, but none so much as the whale. The livers of the cod and halibut, two kinds of fish, yield nourishing oil. Both cod liver oil and halibut oil are given to sick children and other invalids who need certain vitamins.
                      Vegetable oil has been known from very old times. No household can get on without it, for it is used in cooking. Perfumes may be made from the oils of certain flowers. Soaps are made from vegetable and animal products and the oils of certain flowers.
91. The main source of animal oil is     
         (A)  fish                   (B)  whale
         (C)  sea weeds        (D) plants
92. Vegetable oil is mainly used for     
         (A)  eating               (B)  cooking
         (C)  frying               (D) lubricating
93. The ……… of fish yields nourishing oil.
         (A)  liver                  (B)  stomach
         (C)  eyes                  (D) head
94.   The thick protective covering of fat
         on a whale is called a
         (A)  skin                   (B)  cells
         (C)  blubber            (D) fins
95.   …………. are made from vegetable animals products and the oil of certain flowers.
         (A)  perfumes                 (B)     cosmetics
         (C)  cooking medium     (D)    soaps
Directions: In question no 96 to 100, a passage where some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each blank out of the four alternatives and mark it in the Answer Sheet.
                 Pythons are…96…non-venomous snakes found mostly in damp places or rocky ledges near marshes or in dense jungles. They are considered to be the most primitive …97… the living snakes…98…they retain the trace of hind limbs of a by-gone era in the form…99… horny claw-like spurs, which are present…100..either side of the anus. These hind limbs are functionless in female pythons.
96.   (A)  small                 (B)  tiny
         (C)  cute                  (D) huge
97.   (A)  between           (B)  in
         (C)  among              (D) over
98.   (A)  so                      (B)  because
         (C)  and                   (D) but
99.   (A)  in                      (B)  for
         (C)  on                     (D) of
100. (A)  over                  (B)  above
         (C)  on                     (D) in